Animal and Human Biological Studies

Russo J, Russo IH, "Susceptibility of the mammary gland to carcinogenesis. II. Pregnancy interruption as a risk factor in tumor incidence", Am. J. Pathol. 100:497-512 (1980).

Russo J, Rivera R, Russo IH, "Influence of age and parity on the development of the human breast", Breast Canc. Res. Treat. 23:211-18 (1992).

Salazar H, Tobon H, "Morphologic changes of the mammary gland during development, pregnancy and lactation", In: Josimovihc J. ed., Lactogenic Hormones, Fetal Nutrition and Lactation, 221-77 (J Wiley & Sons, NY, 1974).

Whittaker PG, Stewart MO, Taylor A, Lind T, "Some endocrinological events associated with early pregnancy failure", Br. J. Ostet. Gynaecol. 96:1207-14 (1989).

Witt BR, Wolf GC, Wainwright CJ, et al. "Relaxin, CA-125, progesterone, estradiol, Schwangerschaft protein, and human chorionic gonadotropin as predictors of outcome in threatened and nonthreatened pregnancies", Fertil. Steril. 53:1029-36 (1990).

Yen SSC, "Endocrinology of pregnancy", In: Creasy RK, Resnik R, eds., Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice (WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1989).

Assigned Epidemiologic Study Reports

Adami H-O, Bergstrom R, Lun E, Meink O, "Absence of association between reproductive variables and the risk of breast cancer in young women in Sweden and Norway", Br. J. Cancer 62:122-26 (1990).

p. 59

Daling JR, Malone KE, Voigt LF, White E, Weiss NS, "Risk of breast cancer among young women: relationship to induced abortion", J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 86:1584-92 (1994).

Daling JR, Brinton LA, Voigt LF, Weiss NS, Coates RJ, Malone KE, Schoenberg JB, Gammon M, "Risk of breast cancer among white women following induced abortion", Am. J. Epidemiol. 144(4):373-80 (1996).

Howe HL, Senie RT, Bzduch H, Herzfeld P, "Early abortion and breast cancer risk among women under age 40", Int. J. Epidemiol. 18:300-04 (1989).

La Vecchia C, Negri E, Franceschi S, Parazzini F, "Long-term impact of reproductive factors on cancer risk", Int. J. Cancer 53:215-19 (1993).

Laing AE, Demenais FM, Williams R, Kissling G, Chen VW, Bonney GE, "Breast cancer risk factors in African-American women: The Howard University Tumor Registry experience", J. Natl. Med. Assoc. 85:931-99 (1993).

Lipworth L, Katsouyanni K, Ekbom A, Michels KB, Tricholpoulos D, "Abortion and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Greece", Int. J. Cancer 61:181-84 (1995).

Melbye M, Wohlfahrt J, Olsen JH, Frisch M, Westergaard T, Helweg-Larsen K, Andersen PK, "Induced abortion and the risk of breast cancer", New Eng. J. Med. 336(2):81-85 (1997).

Nishiyama F, "The epidemiology of breast cancer in Tokushima prefecture", Shikoku Ichi (Shikoku Medical Journal) 38:333-43 (1982) (translation from Japanese).


Epidemiologic Study Reports with Emphasis on Recall/Response Bias (first two assigned)

Lindefors-Harris B-M, Eklund G, Adami H-O, Meirik O, "Response bias in a case control study: Analysis utilizing comparative data concerning legal abortions from two independent Swedish studies", Am J. Epidemiol. 134:1003-08 (1991).

Rookus MA, van Leeuwen FE, "Induced abortion and risk for breast cancer: Reporting (recall) bias in a Dutch case-control study", J. Nat. Canc. Inst. 88(23):1759-64 (1996).

Jones EF, Forrest JD, "Underreporting of abortion in surveys of U.S. women: 1976 to 1988", Demogr. 29:113-26 (1992).

Assigned Statistical-Qualitative Meta-Analysis

Brind J, Chinchilli VM, Severs WB, Summy-Long J, "Induced abortion as an independent risk factor for breast cancer: A comprehensive review and meta-analysis", J. Epidemiol. & Comm. Hlth 50(5):481-96 (1996).

(see also the Michels & Willett qualitative review, below)

Unassigned Epidemiologic Study Reports

Andrieu N, Clavel F, Gairard B, et al., "Familial risk of breast cancer and abortion", Cancer Detect. Prev. 18:51-55 (1994).

Bu L, Voigt L, Yu Z, Malone K, Daling J, "Risk of breast cancer associated with induced abortion in a population at low risk of breast cancer", SER Abstracts S85 (1995).

Brinton LA, Daling JR, Liff JM, et al., "Oral contraceptives and breast cancer risk among younger women", J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 87:827-35 (1995). Brinton LA, Hoover R, Fraumeni JF Jr., "Reproductive factors in the aetiology of breast cancer", Br. J. Cancer 47:757-62 (1983).


Burany B, "Gestational characteristics in women with breast cancer", Jugosl. Ginekol. Opstet. 19:237-47 (1979) (in Serbo-Croatian).

Dvoyrin VV, Medvedev AB, "Role of women's reproductive status in the development of breast cancer", In: "Methods and progress in breast cancer epidemiology research", Oncology Science Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences" 53-63 (Tallin, 1978) (translation from Russian).

Hirohata T, Shigematsu T, Nomura AMY, Nomura Y, Horie A, Horohata I, "Occurrence of breast cancer in relation to diet and reproductive history: A case-control study in Fukuoka, Japan", Nat. Cancer Inst. Monogr. No. 69, 187-90 (1985).

Laing AE, Bonney GE, Admas-Campbell L, et al., "Reproductive and lifestyle factors for breast cancer in African-American women", Genet. Epdemiol. 11:A300 (1994) (abstract -- apparently a follow-up to the Laing et al. 1993 study report listed above under assigned study reports).

Le M-G, Bachelot A, Doyon F, Dramar A, Hill C, "Oral contraceptive use and breast or cervical cancer: Preliminary results of a French case-control study", In: Wolff J-P, Scott JS, eds., Hormones and Sexual Factors in Human Cancer Aetiology (Elsevier, Amersterdam, 1984).

Moseson M, Koenig KL, Shore RE, Pasternack BS, "The influence of medical conditions associated with hormones on the risk of breast cancer", Int. J. Epidemiol. 22:1000-09 (1993).

Newcomb PA, Storer BE, Longnecker MP, Mittendorf R, Greenberg ER, Willett WC, "Pregnancy termination in relation to risk of breast cancer", JAMA 275:283-87 (1996).


Rosenberg L, Palmer JR, Kaufman DW, Strom BL, Schottenfeld D, Shapiro S, "Breast cancer in relation to the occurrence and time of induced and spontaneous abortion", Am J. Epidemiol. 127:981-89 (1988).

Segi M, Kukushima I, Jujisaku S, et al., "An epidemiological study on cancer in Japan", GANN (The Japanese Journal of Cancer Research) 48(Supp):1-63 (1957) (selected pages only).

Watanabe H, Hirayama T, "Epidemiology and clinical aspects of breast cancer", Nippon Rinsho 26:1843-49 (1968) (in Japanese, with handwritten translation of some pertinent portions supplied by J. Brind).

Unassigned Review Articles

Michels KB, Willett WC, "Does induced or spontaneous abortion affect the risk of breast cancer?", Epidemiol. 7(5):521-28 (1996).

Remennick LI, "Induced abortion as cancer risk factor: A review of epidemiological evidence", J. Epidemiol. Comm. Hlth 44:259-64 (1990).

Rosenberg L, "Induced abortion and breast cancer: More scientific data are needed", J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 86:15-16 (1994).

Wingo PA, Newsome K, Marks JS, Calle EE, Parker SL, "The risk of breast cancer following spontaneous or induced abortion", Cancer Causes and Control 8:93-108 (1997).

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